The newborn metabolic screening test is a nationwide procedure in which each state has a panel of blood tests that it does after the baby is born to diagnose problems like sickle cell disease and inborn errors of metabolism; both things that can be fixed now with dietary restrictions or medications. While these diseases are rare, many of them can cause devastating problems including but not limited to mental retardation, liver problems, or eye problems. Georgia has several that we test for, including hypothyroidism and PKU (phenylketonuria).
All newborns should have this screening test done prior to discharge from the hospital. Once your physician receives the screening results, typically 10 days after the date of birth, he/she will review them and notify you the parent of any abnormal findings or the need for a repeat screening.
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